He came to power at a critical period in Kuwait's history. He dealt with his neighbors wisely. And was determined to protect and map Kuwait s boundaries despite troubling circumstances and difficult changes in the political arena. This he did successfully, illustrating his competence as Kuwait s leader. At the start of his reign, at the age of thirty-five, he set up a council to assist him in governing the country and to handle social affairs.
Al-Ahmadiya School, the National Library and the Literature Club were all established during his reign. Kuwait granted a concession to a British company to drill for oil in the neutral zone between Kuwait and Najd.
Two other ground-breaking events took place in his reign:
First: In 1938, he established Parliament and in the same year, issued a law which defined its powers. Citizens - the law stated - were, through their elected representatives, the true source of the country's power.
Second: The presence of huge quantities of oil was discovered in February 1938. Although Kuwait did not benefit from this discovery until June 30, 1946 due to the start of World War ll in 1939. Once oil revenues began to flow into Kuwait, Sheikh Ahmad Al-Jaber used them to improve the education, health and infrastructure of his country. Al Ahmadi City was constructed during his reign and oil revenues were also used to develop desalination and electricity plants.