The Arab Economic Summit,
19-20 January 2009,
State of Kuwait

Republic of Yemen

Head of State Ali Abdullah Saleh is the current President of Yemen


Located on the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia , bordered by Saudi Arabia to the North, the Red Sea to the West, the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Aden to the South, and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory includes over 200 islands, the largest of which is Socotra,Yemen is the only republic on the Arabian Peninsula. City of Sana'a is the capital of Yemen.



Riyal is the currency of Yemen. It is technically divided into 100 fils .


Rain falls in two seasons and The amount of rainfall varies greatly from a place to a place , the average rainfall annual increases with the altitude of 50 mm on the coast to about 1000 mm on the slopes of the mountains facing the Red Sea.


As for temperature, the eastern and southern plains has such high temperature degrees that it reaches 42°m and goes down to 25°m. Temperature goes down gradually toward higher elevations because of the height factor to reach 33°m as a maximum and 20°m as a minimum. In winter the lesser temperature on the highlands reaches closer to Zero degree .


As for humidity, it is high on the coastal plains up to more than 80% whereas it goes down toward the internal parts where it reaches its minimum rate in the desert areas around 15%.



The oil sector is one of the basic production sectors contributing to more than 70% of the proceeds of the State budget and representing more than 90% of the value of Yemeni exports.

Agriculture sector comes in the second place, employing more than half (54.2 percent in 2003) of the working population. Some simple industries are available such as cotton textile and food processing.

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