The Arab Economic Summit,
19-20 January 2009,
State of Kuwait

Syrian Arab Republic


Head of State Dr. Bashar al-Assad is the President of the Syrian Arab Republic


Geography

Syria is an Arab country in Southwest Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Israel to the southwest, Jordan to the south, Iraq to the east, and Turkey to the north. Its capital city, Damascus, and the total area of the country is 185,180 km2 .

Climate

A pleasant and varied Mediterranean climate with four distinct seasons.

Average temperature : 32° c. (90° f) in summer, 10° c. (50° f) in winter and 22° c. (72° f) in spring and autumn.

 

Currency The Syrian pound is the currency of Syria .The pound is subdivided into 100 qirsh.

Economy

Developing country with a diversified economy based on agriculture, industry, and energy. Syria has gone from a net importer of many agricultural products to an exporter of cotton, fruits, vegetables, and other foodstuffs.

 

Although its oil reserves are small compared to those of many other Arab states, Syria's petroleum industry accounts for a majority of the country's export income. The government has successfully begun to work with international energy companies to develop Syria's promising natural gas reserves, both for domestic use and export.

 

The government hopes to attract new investment in the tourism, natural gas, and service sectors to diversify its economy and reduce its dependence on oil and agriculture.

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